Hockey is a sport in which two teams play against each other by trying to manoeuvre a ball or a puck into the opponent’s goal using a hockey stick. There are many types of hockey such as bandy, field hockey, and ice hockey.
Games played with curved sticks and a ball can be found in the histories of many cultures. In Egypt, 4000-year-old carvings feature teams with sticks and a projectile, hurlingdates to before 1272 BC in Ireland, and there is a depiction from approximately 600 BC in Ancient Greece, where the game may have been called kerētízein or (κερητίζειν) because it was played with a horn or horn-like stick (kéras, κέρας). In Inner Mongolia, the Daur people have been playing beikou, a game similar to modern field hockey, for about 1,000 years.
Most evidence of hockey-like games during the Middle Ages is found in legislation concerning sports and games. The Galway Statute enacted in Ireland in 1527 banned certain types of ball games, including games using “hooked” (written “hockie”, similar to “hooky”) sticks.
…at no tyme to use ne occupye the horlinge of the litill balle with hockie stickes or staves, nor use no hande ball to play withoute walles, but only greate foote balle.
By the 19th century, the various forms and divisions of historic games began to differentiate and coalesce into the individual sports defined today. Organizations dedicated to the codification of rules and regulations began to form, and national and international bodies sprang up to manage domestic and international competition.
- Duration of games for league play
All teams will play an 8 game schedule. Length of the games will be two 23-minute halves on a running clock. Halftime will be two minutes. If a team cannot begin play within ten minutes of scheduled start time, game will be considered a forfeit and team will be charged for referee fees. Score will be reflected 3-0 in favor of non-forfeiting team.
- Start of the Game
Home team takes center pass. Away team chooses direction. The ball must be passed back at the start of a game. No one may cross the midfield line until the ball has moved.
- Number of players
All teams will play with 5 field players plus a goalkeeper (6 v 6). Teams electing to play without a goalkeeper may play with a 6th field player. However, all rules will continue to apply to that 6th player as a field player. Teams may play with a minimal of 3 field players plus a goalkeeper. Each team will provide a roster to game management at the time of registration. Any disputes concerning roster violations must be addressed with game management.